HOW DO WE CALCULATE ZAKATUL FITR?

BAGS

Pasta (2,7kg/person)

Rice (2,5kg/person)

Rice(2,5kg/person)

Plain flour (2kg/person)

Semolina (2kg/person)

Couscous (2kg/person)

TINS & BOXES

Oats/Porridge

Dates (1,8kg/person)

Cereals (weetabix, corn

flakes, etc…)

Dry raisins (1,7kg/person)

Baked beans (2,250kg)

THE QUANTITIES MENTIONED ABOVE ARE THE EQUIVALENT OF A SA’.

THESE ARE THE MINIMUM AMOUNTS TO BE GIVEN OUT. IF PEOPLE CAN AFFORD, THEY SHOULD GIVE MORE.

THE QUANTITIES MENTIONED ABOVE ARE THE EQUIVALENT OF A SA’.

SOME SCHOLARS AGREED ON THE APPROXIMATE VALUE OF A SA' BEING 2,5KG OF STAPLE FOOD IN GENERAL WHEREAS OTHER SCHOLARS MENTIONED THE AMOUNT OF 3KG. OTHER SCHOLARS STATED THAT A SA' IS A VOLUME MEASUREMENT AND IS THE EQUIVALENT OF 3 LITRES.

SEE LINK: http://www.bakkah.net/en/zakat-fitr-measurements-saa-three-litres-mudd.htm

EXAMPLE

Ali lives with his wife, his parents and his three children. There are 7 members in his household.

To calculate the amount of Zakaatul Fitr for his household, we work out: 7*2,5= 17,5.

Ali has to give out 17,5KG of staple food to needy individuals or families in his local area. Ali can actually give out a bag of 10KG of rice, a bag of 5KG of pasta and 2,5Kg of semolina to one household or to more than one household. Hence, he would have performed what is mandatory upon him and his family.

Note 1:

Ali could give out a bag of 20KG of rice. The 17,5kg would be his mandatory duty (waajib) and the rest would be considered as supererogatory (mustahab) or also called sadaqah.

However if Ali was to believe that Zakatul Fitr is more than a sa' that would be an innovation (bid'a) as mentioned by our scholars of Fiqh.

Note 2:

Ali could also purchase a 5kg bag of rice, 5 bags of oats (2kg each) and a 2.5kg bag of pasta. (Total: 17,5kg).

Note 3:

If we hold the view that a sa' is the equivalent of 3kg of any type of staple food then Ali would have to give out 7*3=21kg.