There are various consequences for Zakat management failure at a community level as well as at a state level. Here are some which are widespread around the world:
  1. Hunger
  2. Homelessness
  3. Ill health (mental and physical)
  4. Illiteracy and low educational levels
  5. Weak economic development due to low level of education and ill health
An increase in criminal activities can be witnessed when there is no “safety net” available for those who are vulnerable:
  1. Emergence of shark lenders
  2. Emergence of interest loans
  3. Organs trade
  4. Drugs trade
  5. Slavery & exploitation
  6. Human trafficking
  7. Child labour
  8. Seeking employment from criminal gangs, militias or terrorist organisations
  9. Robbery and piracy
More generally, withholding the payment of Zakat has a devastating impact on the political stability and security of the Muslim lands:
  1. Huge inequalities in the distribution of wealth and access to resources within Muslim societies can lead to civil unrest and eventually to civil wars.
  2. Drought can lead to famine as witnessed in the Sahel and the Horn of Africa
  3. Large scale migration movements from the Muslim lands to non Muslim lands have been witnessed.
  4. Dangerous levels of brain drain where Muslim countries see their skilled workforce migrate to non Muslim lands. This process usually tends to weaken the economy of Muslim countries even more.